Hindi Krafts

Everything you need to know about


The Art of Metal Casting

What is Dhokra?

Dhokra can also be written as Dokra. 
It is a metal casting technique that does not include iron in its chemical composition rather employs the lost-wax casting method.
It has been surviving in India for more than 4,000 years and is continued to be utilized.
One of the initially known lost wax ancient rarities is the dancing girl of Mohenjo-Daro.
The work of Dhokra craftsmen is of extraordinary interest in local and unfamiliar markets on account of fundamental innocence, charming people themes and strong structure.
The lost wax procedure that is compound-based has additionally been found in China, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Central America, and different areas.

How did it begin?

While Dhokra workmanship started in West Bengal, after some time the tribes moved to Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa and Chhattisgarh just as places like Kerala and Rajasthan. 
Thus, the workmanship has now spread all over India.

The tribes are furthermore known for manufacturing measuring bowls, strict idols and lights.
The procedure that was quite a long time ago just utilized for making articles for the tribesmen’s very own utilization has now advanced and is utilized to produce gems boxes, tableware and various other items. 

What does it incorporate?

The ancient science associated with ancestral effortlessness, expertise and artistry of the specialists brings about these astonishing manifestations. 
Unluckily, the incredibly tedious technique, costly crude material and availability of limited experts have caused a dangerous decrease in the accessibility of Dhokra items.

The Process

There are two basic methods of lost wax casting: strong casting and hollow casting.
While the previous is excellent in the south of India another is typical in Central and Eastern India. 
Strong casting does not employ a clay core in place of a strong part of wax to compose the shape; hollow casting is the more common technique and utilizes the clay core.

The first attempt in the lost wax hollow projecting procedure incorporates building up a clay core which is generally the state of the ultimate cast picture.
Next, the clay core is grasped by a layer of wax.
The wax is prepared from unalloyed beeswax which is an essence from the tree Damara Orientalis and nut oil.

The wax is then formed and cut in the entirety of its better subtleties of plan and beautifications.
It is then secured with layers of earth, which takes the negative type of the wax within, in this manner turning into a form for the metal that will be poured inside it.

Drain ducts remain for the wax, which softens away when the clay is heated.
The wax is then supplanted by the liquid metal, regularly utilizing metal piece as a necessary crude material.
The fluid metal poured in sets between the core and the inside the surface of the core.
The metal loads the form and allows a similar pattern as the wax.
The external coating of the clay is then chipped off and the metal symbol is cleaned and completed as per the requirement.

What makes Dhokra products unique?

Dhokra craft does not utilize any modern technology and the quality of the articles are high.
The experts utilize their broad as well as creative mind allowing them to imagine things which further allows them in inventing new articles.

Even though the items show up very comparable, not even a single item is a replica. 
The craftsmen generally utilize the procedure to make formal antiques yet after some time, they have extended the variety of items produced.

The art is motivated by the ancestral way of life, manikins of winged creatures, animals, trees, divinities, brushes, lights, bowls and cups are manufactured.
Dhokra Jewelry is a well-known pattern in modern times.

The origin of the name Dhokra

Tribes of Dhokra Damar tribes are the prominent traditional metalsmiths of West Bengal as well as Odisha. Their method has been named after their tribe. Dhokra from Dwariapur, West Bengal, is widespread. In 2018, the GI tag was provided to Adilabad Dokra from Telangana.

Are these popular today?

The antique-looking high-quality objects of Dhokra with their brilliant completion are among the well-known specialities accessible today.

The rural look of Dhokra makes them amazingly striking and engaging.
Dhokra Craft utilizes the customary technique for the lost wax procedure of metal projecting, which returns 4000 years.

A similar procedure has been found in objects from the Harappan Age also.
The name Dhokra is established after the tribe of Dhokra Damar, who are settled in the focal section of India (the locales of Jharkhand, West Bengal, Bihar Orissa and Chhatisgarh).

The Bastar locale of Chhattisgarh is the most significant focal point of Dhokra Craft.
Dhokra has endured the trial of time because of the evolving financial states of skilled workers.

The unfavourable everyday environment did not discourage the craftsmen from exhibiting their aptitudes as they supplanted ringer metal with salvaged material bit by bit.

Why is this art witnessing a decline?

It is bad luck that this wonderful work of art is confronting an apparent decrease.
The consistent increment in the price of crude material makes the finished results too costly to even think about attracting enough purchasers.
Therefore, craftsmen have been indicating less enthusiasm for creating such ace works.

Absence of motivation, support and information on new plans just as the powerlessness to adjust to modernization have additionally added to the decay of this work of art.

While there is as yet a substantial interest for these models both economically and in global markets, in urban communities like Milan, Paris and London, the crude procedures and absence of access to present-day innovation cause a setback in creation.

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