Hindi Krafts

Everything you need to know about West Bengal's

Kantha Embroidery

What is Kantha?

Kantha can also be written as Kanta and Qanta.
It is a sort of embroidery created in the eastern areas of the Indian subcontinent, explicitly in Bangladesh and the Indian conditions of West Bengal, Tripura and Odisha.
In Odisha, old saris are stacked on one another and hand-sewed to make a flimsy bit of pad.
This is regularly utilized over a bed cushion or rather than a cushion.

“Kantha saris” are customarily worn by ladies in Bengal locale of the Indian subcontinent.

In nowadays, embroidery is sewed, prevalently known as ‘Kantha sewed”, on a sari, a kurta (or Panjabi) and churidar and numerous different articles of clothing and picking up prevalence because of their tasteful worth and carefully assembled qualities. 

Kantha sewing is likewise used to make basic blankets, normally known as Nakshi Kantha.

Ladies in Bengal normally utilize old saris and material and layer them with Kantha sewing to make a light cover, toss, or comforter, particularly for youngsters.

Kantha is extremely famous with sightseers visiting the Bengal locale of the Indian subcontinent.

What do we know about West Bengal?

West Bengal is a state in the eastern district of India along the Bay of Bengal.

With more than 91 million occupants, it is the fourth-most crowded state and the thirteenth-biggest state by zone in India.

Covering a territory of 34,267 sq mi.

It is additionally the world’s seventh-most crowded nation development. 

The state’s fundamental ethnic gathering are the Bengalis, with the Bengali Hindus shaping the segment for the greater part.

How is this name derived?

Kantha embroidery gets its name from an identical word with two unique implications.
‘Kantha’ signifies ‘rags’ in Sanskrit, which mirrors the way that Kantha embroidery is comprised of abandoned pieces of clothing or materials.

The word likewise signifies ‘throat’ and was named so due to its relationship with the Hindu divinity, Lord Shiva.

The Samudra Manthan, a well-known scene in Hindu folklore, portrays that to ensure the world.
The toxin was consumed by Lord Shiva.
This occurred because of the agitating of the sea.

Goddess Parvati was stunned by Lord Shiva’s activities and folded her hands over his neck, choking Lord Shiva and halting the toxic substance in his throat.

Instead of permitting it to drop to the universe that is held in Lord Shiva’s stomach.
The strength of the toxin caused Lord Shiva’s neck and throat to turn blue, consequently giving him the moniker, Nilakantha; ‘Nila’ means ‘blue’.

What is its history?

Kantha is probably the most initial type of embroidery that started in India.

Its birthplaces can be followed back to the old pre-Vedic ages, Kantha embroidery was found in Krishnadas Kaviraj’s multi-year old book, Chaitanya Charitamrita.

Themes found in early Kantha embroidery incorporate numerous images that were gotten from old craftsmanship.

These images delineate or are intelligent of nature, for example, the sun, the tree of life and the universe.

It was not until later that Kantha embroidery was utilized as a vehicle of social and strict hugeness.

This is because of Hinduism’s impact and was utilized in services and pujas, including to praise weddings and births.

Who practices Kantha?

Kantha is a type of embroidery regularly rehearsed by ladies in the rural area.

The conventional type of Kantha embroidery was finished with delicate dhotis and saris, with a straightforward running line along the edges.

Contingent upon the utilization of the completed item they were known as Lepkantha or Sujni Kantha. 

What are the types of Kantha?

There are various sorts of Kantha made for articles of various uses, with the Lep and Sujani being the most mainstream and notable. 


1) Archilata Kantha is used for covers for mirrors or latrine frill with wide, vivid outskirts. 

2) Lep Kantha is used for wraps which are vigorously cushioned to make warm blankets. 

3) Baiton Kantha is used for square wraps utilized for covering books. 

4) Durjani/Thalia is used for quilted wallets made out of rectangular Kantha pieces. 

5) Oaar Kantha is used for pillow covers. 

6) Rumal Kantha is used for plate covers. 

7) Sujani Kantha is used for decorative sewed Kantha utilized as covers or spreads.

What are the uses of Kantha embroidery?

The embroidered fabric has numerous utilizations such as covers, mirror covers, boxes, and cushions.

At times, the whole fabric is secured with running fastens, utilizing wonderful themes of blossoms, creatures winged animals and geometrical shapes, just as topics from ordinary exercises.

The sewing on the fabric gives it a marginally wrinkled, wavy impact.
Contemporary Kantha is applied to a more extensive scope of pieces of clothing.

For example, sarees, dupatta, shirts for people, bedding and other outfitting textures, for the most part utilizing cotton and silk.
Current Kantha-fasten make industry includes a complex multi-arranged creation model.

How did Kantha develop commercially?

Using Kantha embroidery as a method for business profit never happened to the rustic people of Bengal.

It started in urban gatherings where young ladies were prepared without any preparation and this viewpoint was picking up enthusiasm for the 1980s when NGOs decided to have a few presentations.

They additionally got associated with country bunches who began making Kanthas. 


At the point when these gatherings framed, they did not require further preparing in embroidery.

However, expected to get familiar with the fundamentals of bookkeeping, management, crude material purchasing and so on.

A few NGOs guided the development of self-improvement gatherings.

What is its condition today?

Kantha embroidery has unquestionably surprised the style business.

Indian style originators have shown delightful troupes of Kantha work, alongside other Indian conventional embroideries, in a few design shows.

One of them has even taken the customary Kantha a one of a kind turn by remembering it for dhotis, kurtas, sherwanis and even hot jeans!

Additionally, Hillary Clinton, on one of her visits to India, was incredibly intrigued by the rich social showcase in Bengal, particularly through its embroidery and craftsmanship.

In one of the design shows she joined in, she went gaga for the wonderful presentations of Kantha embroidery.

Is the demand only in India?

The interest in this kind of embroidery isn’t constrained to India alone.

Fashioners in UK and Japan have likewise manifested enthusiasm for the aesthetic speciality and connected with neighbourhood dealers and utilized this embroidery in their plans too.

Why wear a Kantha?

The amazing thing about Kantha work is that it tends to be a frill in itself, and need not bother with any extra adornment to make it look better.

Stitches are orchestrated beautifully on the material.

It very well may be put to different utilizations from making a one of a kind and fun looking table spread, to an astounding outskirt on a saree.

It is the imaginativeness of the maker of the structure to advance the enchantment.

How to maintain Kantha?

Keeping up the condition of a Kantha is not entangled.

Any exceptional little-known technique is not required to keep it in a decent condition.

Ordinary hand or machine wash would be satisfactory and would not destroy the life span of the texture of embroidery. 

Kantha is not only string work making a structure, nor is it essentially an embellishment that improves the appearance of a saree.

It is not only a convention that has made a trip to where it is today and it is not just the current day favourite of style planners.

Kantha is including all these and considerably more.

It is the pride of Bengal and a nation’s legacy, a novel method of re-planning the recognizable to give it an uncommonly new look, the devotion of the modest craftsman on textures, whose creative mind and inventiveness is nothing not as much as that in workmanship.

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