Hindi Krafts

Everything you need to know about the

Mashru Weaving.

What is Mashru?

The Mashru cloth is a dynamic, handwoven blend of Silk and Cotton fabric.
The word ‘Mashru’ signifies ‘allowed’ in Arabic and its Sanskrit variety ‘Misru’ means ‘blended’. 

The term Mashru means a combination of Silk and Cotton and was worn by men belonging to the Muslim religion.
These men were prevented by a hadith, rule, to wear unadulterated silk texture.
As the silk yarns were on the outside while the cotton yarns were worn in the body, these materials were viewed as determined “legitimate and allowed by sacred law” or Mashru; this Arabic word, accordingly, came to be the name of the material.
Mashru cloth is made utilizing silk weave by combining silk and cotton yarns. Cotton prepares the weft while the silk is utilized for the warp.

How did it begin?

The weave began from West Asia around the nineteenth century.
The weaving of Mashru cloth is an old custom in India and it was a famous exchanging material to the Ottoman realm as well as Gulf countries.
The word Mashru originated from the community belonging to the Muslim religion, where Silk cloth was prohibited since it was manufactured by executing the cocoons as well as silkworms.
This resulted in the creation of Mashru cloth as it had silk outside and cotton inside.
Mashru popularized in Turkey, Persia and numerous Mediterranean nations as it gave them the chance of wearing Silk apparel without violating their strict laws.
The Mashru gradually discovered its place among the Hindu people group also and the texture turned into an essential piece of the closet of Kutch Nomads. 

Who is it woven for?

The Mashru cloth was woven for a Muslim people group, who accepted that silk ought not to be in contact with the skin of people.
It is a solution that empowered a person to respect this belief while looking the best in the best attire, weavers blended silk and cotton thread to produce a fabric that was pure cotton on one side and rich silk on the other.
Mashru means “this is permitted.” 

Where was the weaving done?

The of Mashru fabric was weaved all over the nation in various structures; from Deccan to Lucknow to Bengal. 
In the present day, just weavers from the villages of Gujarat, fundamentally Patan and Mandvi practice this art.

Is there any state which mainly practices this?

After the alluring weavings, Gujarat is additionally home to astonishing weaves that are a mixture of ages of experience as well as capabilities; which brings about stylish excellence. Mashru cloth is a handwoven mixture of cotton and silk. 
Mashru silk resembles flickering silk that disguises the alleviating feel of cotton.

The patterns

Since the cloth formation takes into consideration more yarns in a given territory, it additionally makes the cloth more grounded.
With time, the pattern of Mashru has gotten simplified.
Multi-shaded ikats and designed stripes are not common now, and supplanting them are more splendid, bold stripes or little dots, alongside strong hued clothes. 

Furthermore, being exported as a desired thing of men’s attire in Turkey and the Middle East, Mashru was utilized by the folk communities of Kachchh.
They sew clothes for dowry but as the export industry saw a downfall, rayon which was a comparatively a cheaper substitute was put in place of the silk.

There was a time when weaving was practised in numerous regions of the Indian subcontinent, the practice of weaving Mashru today exists just in Patan, North Gujarat and Mandvi in Kachchh locale, both the areas requiring renewal.
Mashru clothes are viably collaborated with weaved cotton fabric to make the occasional attire of the Rabaris of Kachchh.
The port town of Mandvi is famous for Mashru tradition in Kachchh.
Anciently it used to make extravagant fabric bolts that are appreciated by Muslims as well as Hindus.

Who are the expert weavers?

The expert weavers have exceeded expectations in this beautiful art by gaining knowledge from their ancestor.
After the weaving of the cloth is completed, it is washed with cold water and beaten with hammers made of wood for sixty seconds while it still has moisture.
At that point, a paint of wheat flour known as the coating is applied on the folds of the cloth. 
The cloth is later beaten with hammers made of wood and packed with a hard press.
In the end, colour is mixed with the cloth with the use of natural vegetable dyes.
Designs incorporate Stripes, chevron, Kankani, dabbed lines, buoys of cotton weft, and wavy lines in ikat.

What is created using Mashru embroidery?

Mashru was a dignified art, manufactured in huge amounts until the 1900s for regional high-class community and export markets.
It is regionally utilized in the cloth. Beyond this, Mashru is also utilized for making quilts, cushions as well as bags.
The skilled workers have additionally grown new structures, by tie-dyeing the cloth utilizing the ‘Bandhani’ method. 

How to maintain it?

Mashru cloth is comparatively simpler to keep up when contrasted with unadulterated silk.
Though, care tips incorporate, washing cloth in cool water and gradual rinsing. 
Drying the cloth directly in the sun of the light helps in saving the shine of the cloth for a long period of time.

What is the position today?

Today, conventional Mashru weaving is about to disappear.
The attire of the Kachchhi public has changed, detaching from the real network linkages. 
Mashru fabric can be produced by power looms now, which individuals like to the comparatively highly-priced Mashrus.
As the export market decreased, Mashru weavers are utilizing cotton staple rather than silk to achieve the pricing requirements of the local market.
The real Mashru of cotton as well as silk, with its shiny surface, is not created any longer in light of the fact that the market does not perceive and demand it.

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